Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from Journal of Biology and BioMed Central.

Open Badges Minireview

Hitching a lift hydrodynamically - in swimming, flying and cycling

R McNeill Alexander

Author affiliations

School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

Citation and License

Journal of Biology 2004, 3:7  doi:10.1186/jbiol5

Published: 4 May 2004


Swimming animals set the water around them moving, and flying animals generate air movements. Other animals traveling with them can save energy by exploiting these movements of the fluid medium; similarly, a cyclist can save energy by riding close behind another. A new study of dolphin mothers and calves exemplifies the advantages of moving in concert.